Friday, January 1, 2010
There are 115 million obese people in developing countries, paradoxically in some of these countries, people suffering from obesity and other malnourished meet. This is partly explained by two phenomena of economic origin:
* The fall in world sugar;
* Oil production is an activity sponsored by the States in many of these countries.
Therefore, oil and sugar are the cheapest food, which facilitates access for these populations to the detriment of other products, which can lead to deficiencies in protein, vitamins, trace elements, etc. .
Mexico is the second country in the world to share in the obese population, just behind the United States. Obesity affects 30% of adults, or 44 million Mexicans, and 40% know an overweight.
In 2002, China has a significant obesity (2.6% of the population with a BMI greater than or equal to 30) and overweight in general (14.7% of the population with a BMI greater than or equal to 25), button and about 215 million Chinese. The problem is mainly found in young (between 7 and 18 years) where he experienced a sharp increase in the order of 28 times between 1985 and 2000, mostly among boys. The causes are similar to those of Western countries. The 2008 figures confirm the sharp increase in obesity in China: 90 million Chinese are obese and 200 million overweight. Now a quarter of adults are overweight or obese in 2008, compared to only 8.8% in 1989.
In the poorest countries, obesity is socially valued. For example, in Mauritania, young girls of marriageable age are fattened to be more attractive and to maximize their chances of finding a spouse. Unlike developed countries, it relates to wealthier populations, it is therefore a sign of success and wealth.